Grade 4 Social Studies

Standard 2: US Physical Geography 

Content Standard 2: The student will examine the physical geography and environments of the United States.
Use maps and other geographic representations (such as globes and graphs), tools, and technologies to acquire, process, and report information from a spatial perspective.
A. Use and describe various elements of maps, including keys/legends, scale, cardinal, and intermediate directions.
B. Interpret aerial photographs, satellite images and thematic maps to locate and identify physical and human features of the United States and North America.
C. Use latitude and longitude to identify the location of physical and human features of the United States.
Identify major physical features in the United States and analyze how physical processes shape places.
A. Identify and describe the physical characteristics of places, including the major landforms, bodies of water, vegetation and climates in the United States.
B. Describe the location and characteristics of the major ecosystems in the United States.
Explain how people create regions using common geographic characteristics.
A. Identify and describe the major physical, cultural, and economic regions of the United States, comparing one’s own region to the other regions.
B. Explain how and why regions change over time by comparing regions in the past with life in the same regions in the present.
Describe how physical processes of the Earth’s surface impact humans and their environment.
A. Identify and describe the different climates in the United States using maps, globes, and graphs.
B. Explain how climate and natural processes including floods, wind, and storms impact how we live.
Identify and locate on a political map the fifty states and the United States capitol.