Grade 4 Social Studies

Standard 4: Environment & Economics

Content Standard 4: The student will identify basic economic activities of the United States.
Analyze how humans adapt to and modify their environments in order to survive and grow.
A. Explain how humans depend upon the physical environment for food, shelter, and economic activities.
B. Distinguish between renewable and nonrenewable resources.
C. Explain how physical environments can provide both opportunities and limitations for human activity
Describe the patterns and networks of economic interdependence among regions of the United States.
A. Identify and locate on a map the major cities of the United States, including their relative location to natural resources and transportation routes.
B. Identify the major economic activities of each region of the United States by comparing how people satisfy their basic needs through the production of goods and services.
C. Describe the relative location of natural resources, such as fossil fuels, minerals and soils, and their relationship to each region’s major economic activities, including agriculture, manufacturing, transportation, energy, and services.
Explain how economic activities can threaten the physical environment.
A. Identify ways in which humans can change ecosystems, such as clearing forests, draining wetlands, and diverting waterways, by examining present-day issues related to the use of resources.
B. Identify examples of changes in land use in local communities and how the physical environment can be stressed by human activities.