Grade 8: US History to Reconstruction

Standard 1: Colonial America

Content Standard 1: The student will analyze the foundations of the United States by examining the causes, events, and ideologies which led to the American Revolution
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Describe the political climate in the British colonies prior to the French and Indian War including the policy of salutary neglect, mercantilism through the Navigation Acts and colonial reaction through the Albany Plan of Union; compare the Iroquois Confederacy to early attempts to unite the colonies.
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Summarize the political and economic consequences of the French and Indian War including imperial policies of taxation, the Proclamation of 1763, and the migration of colonists into American Indian sovereign territories.
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Summarize British attempts to regulate the colonies and colonial responses including:
A. Sugar Act
B. Stamp Act Congress Resolves
C. Committees of Correspondence D. legal principle of taxation and political representation
E. Townshend Act and boycotts of British goods
F. Quartering Act
G. Boston Massacre
H. Tea Act and Boston Tea Party
I. Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts)
J. First Continental Congress
K. British raids on Lexington and Concord
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Analyze the significance of the Second Continental Congress including:
A. formation of the Continental Army
B. establishment of currency
C. Olive Branch Petition D. French alliance negotiated by Benjamin Franklin
E. committee to draft a declaration of independence 
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Analyze the ideological and propaganda war between Great Britain and the colonies including:
A. points of views of the Patriots and the Loyalists
B. writings of Mercy Otis Warren and Phillis Wheatley
C. use of Paul Revere’s engraving of the Boston Massacre
D. rejection of the Olive Branch Petition
E. Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death, speech attributed to Patrick Henry F. Common Sense pamphlet by Thomas Paine
Examine the central ideas expressed in the Declaration of Independence, drafted by Thomas Jefferson and adopted July 4, 1776, and their intellectual origins including:
A. John Locke’s theory on natural and unalienable rights, including life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness
B. the ideals of equality for all individuals, including the impact of the First Great Awakening.
C. the purpose of government as a social contract requiring the consent of the governed
D. economic and political grievances against British policies.