Grade 8: US History to Reconstruction

Standard 11: Civil War

Content Standard 11: The student will analyze the course and consequences of the Civil War. 
Analyze the immediate impact of the presidential election of 1860 including:
A. secession of southern states who declared slavery as the central factor for seceding
B. Lincoln’s goal to preserve the Union
C. formation of the Confederate States of America
D. Confederate attack on Fort Sumter
E. tensions over strategic border states.
Compare the advantages and disadvantages of the Union and the Confederacy including natural resources, population, industrialization, and the military leadership of Ulysses S Grant and Robert E. Lee.
Evaluate the impact and contributions of specific groups in the Civil War including free and enslaved African Americans, American Indians, women, and immigrants.
Discuss the key strategies utilized during the war, such as the Anaconda Plan, Total War, and the southern defense strategy.
Summarize the significance of the key battles of the war, including Antietam, Gettysburg, Vicksburg, and Lee’s surrender at Appomattox.
Analyze the Emancipation Proclamation, including its role in expanding the goals of the war and its impact on slavery; identify the significance of Juneteenth in relationship to emancipation.
Explain how the Gettysburg Address clarified the Union’s motivation for winning the war.
Evaluate the impact of Lincoln’s assassination, loss of his leadership, and plans for reconciliation as expressed in his Second Inaugural Address.