Grade 8: US History to Reconstruction 

Standard 12: Reconstruction

Content Standard 12: The student will analyze the political, social, and economic transformations during the Reconstruction Era to 1877.
Compare the major plans and policies proposed for Reconstruction
Analyze the impact of state and federal legislation following the Civil War including
A. 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments
B. Black Codes and Jim Crow laws
C. establishment of the Freedmen’s Bureau
Compare the emerging social structure of the South including the
A. influx of carpetbaggers and scalawags B. rise of the Ku Klux Klan and its acts of intimidation and violence
C. election of blacks to government positions
D. expansion of the tenant and sharecropper systems
E. migration of former slaves
Assess the impact of the presidential election of 1876 as an end to reconstruction in the South, including decline of black leadership, loss of enforcement of the 14th and 15th amendments, and the development of segregated societies.
Evaluate the impact of federal policies including:
A. Homestead Act of 1862 and the resulting movement westward to free land
B. impact of continued displacement of American Indians C. President Grant’s Peace Policy on Indian affairs
D. the development of the Transcontinental Railroad.