Grade 8: US History to Reconstruction

Standard 9: Early 19th Century

Content Standard 9: The student will analyze the social and economic transformations of the early nineteenth century.
Explain the impact of the Industrial Revolution in the North including the concentration of population, manufacturing, and transportation.
Describe the plantation system and its reliance on a slave labor system in the South, including how Eli Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin increased the profitability of the crop and led to the expansion of slavery.
Compare perspectives and experiences of both free and enslaved blacks including the
A. everyday life of free African Americans
B. everyday acts of resistance to slavery
C. efforts of Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad
D. Nat Turner’s Rebellion
E. legal restrictions and Slave Codes
Summarize the impact of the Abolitionist Movement including the writings and work of Frederick Douglass and William Lloyd Garrison.
Identify the ideals, significance, and key leaders of the Second Great Awakening and the Women’s Suffrage Movement, including the Declaration of Sentiments and the leadership of Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Sojourner Truth.