Oklahoma History

Standard 3: From Civil War to Indian Removal

Content Standard 3: The student will evaluate the major political and economic events that transformed the land and its people from the outbreak of the Civil War through allotment and land openings.
Summarize the impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction Treaties on American Indian peoples, territories, and tribal sovereignty including:
A. required enrollment of the Freedmen
B. Second Indian Removal
C. significance of the Massacre at the Washita
D. reasons for the reservation system and the controversy regarding the reservation system as opposed to tribal lands.
E. establishment of the western military posts including the role of the Buffalo Soldiers
F. construction of railroads through Indian Territory
Assess the impact of the cattle and coal mining industries on the location of railroad lines, transportation routes, and the development of communities.
Analyze the influence of the idea of Manifest Destiny on the Boomer Movement.
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Compare multiple points of view to evaluate the impact of the Dawes Act (General Allotment Act) which resulted in the loss of tribal communal lands through a transfer to individual property and the redistribution of lands, including the Unassigned Lands and the Cherokee Outlet, by various means.
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Explain how American Indian nations lost control over tribal identity and citizenship through congressional action, including the Indian Reorganization Act.