Oklahoma History

Standard 5: From Statehood, to Dustbowl to WW2

Content Standard 5: The student will examine the Oklahoma’s political, social, cultural, and economic transformation during the early decades following statehood.
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Examine the policies of the United States and their effects on American Indian identity, culture, economy, tribal government and sovereignty including:
A. passage of the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924
B. effects of the federal policy of assimilation including Indian boarding schools (1880s-1940s)
C. authority to select tribal leaders as opposed to appointment by the federal government
D. exploitation of American Indian resources, lands, trust accounts, head rights, and guardianship as required by the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
Examine multiple points of view regarding the evolution of race relations in Oklahoma, including:
A. growth of all-black towns
B. passage of Senate Bill 1 establishing Jim Crow Laws
C. rise of the Ku Klux Klan
D. emergence of “Black Wall Street” in the Greenwood District
E. causes of the Tulsa Race Riot and its continued social and economic impact.
F. the role labels play in understanding historic events, for example “riot” versus “massacre”
Analyze how various segments of Oklahoma society including agriculture, mining, and state politics were influenced by the organized labor and socialist movements.
Examine how the economic cycles of boom and bust of the oil industry affected major sectors of employment, mining, and the subsequent development of communities, as well as the role of entrepreneurs, including J.J. McAlester, Frank Phillips, E.W. Marland and Robert S. Kerr, and the designation of Tulsa as the “Oil Capital of the World”.
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Evaluate the impact of the boom and bust cycle of Oklahoma’s agricultural production due to mechanization and the needs of World War I, including its effect as a precursor of the Great Depression.
Analyze William H. “Alfalfa Bill” Murray’s response to the conditions created by the Great Depression.
Describe the impact of environmental conditions and human mismanagement of resources resulting in the Dust Bowl and the migration of the “Okies”, the national perceptions of Oklahomans, and the New Deal policies regarding conservation of natural resources.
Describe the contributions of Oklahomans including African-American jazz musicians, the political and social commentaries of Will Rogers and Woody Guthrie’s, Wiley Post’s aviation milestones, and the artwork of the Kiowa Six.
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Summarize and analyze the impact of mobilization for World War II including the establishment of military bases, prisoner of war installations, and the contributions of Oklahomans to the war effort including the American Indian code talkers and the 45th Infantry Division.