United States Government 

Standard 3: The US Constitution

Content Standard 3: The student will analyze the fundamental principles of the American system of government resulting in a republic, as established in the Constitution of the United States, the supreme law of the land.
Examine the American system of federalism and evaluate the changes that have occurred in the relationship between the states and the national government over time.
Analyze the system of federalism including the
A. enumerated (express) powers
B. implied powers
C. powers denied to the national government
D. reserved powers to the states
E. concurrent powers.
Summarize and explain the relationships and the responsibilities among national, state, tribal, and local governments.
Explain that tribal sovereignty is a tribal nation’s inherent power to self-govern, such as challenges made regarding the Major Crimes Act.
Analyze how the Commerce Clause established the initial constitutional relationship between the Indian tribes and the United States government.
Explain how power is separated as well as shared under the American system including the
A. system of separation of powers
B. system of checks and balances
C. principle of judicial review.
Evaluate the importance of the rule of law on the purposes and functions of government; explain how the rule of law provides for the protection of individual liberties, including due process and equality under the law.
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Analyze the concept of popular sovereignty, including the government’s responsibility to legitimize majority rule while protecting minority rights.
Analyze the rights and liberties guaranteed to all citizens in the Bill of Rights and how they are protected at the state level through the doctrine of incorporation using the 14th Amendment.
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Analyze historic and contemporary examples of landmark Supreme Court decisions which have addressed and clarified individual rights under the First Amendment, including
A. Gitlow v. New York (1925)
B. West Virginia v. Barnette (1943)
C. Engel v. Vitale (1962)
D. Tinker v. Des Moines (1969)
E. Texas v. Johnson (1989)
Analyze historic and contemporary examples of landmark Supreme Court cases which have specified individual rights of due process under the Constitution, including:
A. Mapp v. Ohio (1961)
B. Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
C. Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
D. Roe v. Wade (1973)
E. Furman v. Georgia (1972).