US History: Post Reconstruction to the Modern Era 

Standard 7: Civil Rights Movements

Content Standard 7: The student will analyze the cause and effects of significant domestic events and policies from 1945 to 1975.
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USH.7.1
Analyze the major events, personalities, tactics and effects of the Civil Rights Movement.
 
A. Assess the effects of President Truman’s decision to desegregate the United States armed forces and the legal attacks on segregation by the NAACP and Thurgood Marshall, the United States Supreme Court decisions in the cases of Oklahomans Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher and George McLaurin, and the differences between de jure and de facto segregation.
 
B. Evaluate the events arising from separate but equal, policies, such as poll taxes and literacy tests, violent responses such as the Birmingham church bombing and the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and conflicts over segregation including:
1. Brown v. Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas decision
2. Montgomery Bus Boycott
3. desegregation of Little Rock Central High School
4. Oklahoma City lunch counter sit-ins led by Clara Luper
5. Freedom Rides
6. Marches on Washington and Selma to Montgomery
7. adoption of the 24th Amendment
8. passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
 
C. Compare the viewpoints and the contributions of civil rights leaders and organizations linking them to events of the movement, including Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and his I Have a Dream speech, the leadership of Malcolm X, the role of organizations such as the Black Panthers; describe the tactics used at different times including civil disobedience, non-violent resistance, sit-ins, boycotts, marches, and voter registration drives.